The People in Between | Ecuador: Cake with Criminals
New in Ceasefire, Photo Essays, The People in Between - Posted on Saturday, December 3, 2011 12:19 - 0 Comments
By Jason Smith
I had just reached Quito and knew almost nothing about it. Nevertheless, only an hour or so after arriving at a hostel and having a brief conversation with a fellow backpacker, I knew exactly what it was I wanted to do in the city.
My new friend’s brother had travelled through Ecuador some years ago and had but one suggestion: visit the male prison. We spent the rest of the day researching British prisoners in Quito and came up with a list of names. The next morning we were standing on the road by the hostel trying to find a taxi driver willing enough to take us there. Very soon we were queuing up outside the prison along with wives, girlfriends, parents, children, and what I now know were prostitutes.
At 1pm the women were waved through, followed shortly by us men. A guard stood at the head of the queue with two A4 sheets of names; at first I thought we might have had to pre-register our intent, but in fact he was checking our names against a blacklist. Our names were not on there (I would have been rather concerned if they were) and we were duly ushered along to a desk where the guards seemed to be doing nothing other than decide whether they liked our faces before stamping our arms.
Still outside the high walls of the compound, we handed our passports over to two chatting ladies who gave us no receipt but another arm stamp. Next, a guard asked who we were there to see. We stated the name of a British prisoner whom we thought was there.
“Which wing is he then?” asked the guard.
“Erm, C?” we guessed.
“Through there,” he pointed in the direction of a doorway in which mingled a large group of other guards. We walked through and they pulled us to one side to be searched. The ‘search’ comprised a quick look inside our bag of food we’d brought along as a present and a light pat on our pockets. They didn’t bother to see what I had in my shoes nor whether the packet of chewing gum really was just that. Another stamp, and now a number written in marker pen on our arms. We were beckoned over to a final guard who put an ultraviolet mark on our arms. This, he explained, would tell the guards we’re not prisoners. Very useful.
And then we’re in. We find ourselves standing in a small, circular room, around which are doors leading to the various wings, arranged in a five-pointed star shape emanating from this central area. Leaning against the bars are lots of men shouting out, “Hey amigos!”
Left alone in that room we suddenly feel very intimidated, as if we’re on display for the amusement of the prisoners. One young Ecuadorian calls us over. He asks us, in Spanish, who we’re there to see. We repeat the name, our supposed pass into the prison. “Oh yes, I know him, come in here with me,” he says. Something about his mannerisms prevents us from trusting him. We wander slowly away and closer to one of the other gates. A young, white Bulgarian smiles back at us from the other side. “You want to come in?” he asks in perfect English, Why not?
A guard obligingly unlocks the metal door and stands aside to allow us through. The Bulgarian, Aleks*, shakes our hands enthusiastically and asks us again who we’re there for. “Oh, he was released ages ago,” he tells us. “There’s only one British guy here now and no-one talks to him because he’s addicted to crack and in too much trouble with the gangs.” We decide it’s a good idea not to meet this man, and Aleks willingly agrees to be our guide around the complex.
He leads us into a sunny courtyard enclosed by large concrete walls, topped by barbed wire. Around the edge sit prisoners with their wives, talking quietly and holding hands, some with their children. Aleks picks us a spot to sit and chat. “I haven’t had anyone visit me for seven months,” he tells us. “And my family has never visited.”
After he was convicted of attempting to smuggle a kilogram of cocaine back to Bulgaria, at the age of nineteen, his family has had little to do with him. Four years later, he is about to be released and couldn’t be happier about the prospect. “It’s not that life is hard here,” he confesses. “It’s just that it’s so boring.”
The prisoners’ regime is relaxed to say the least. They are locked into their cells overnight, woken up at 6am and then have until 9pm to do what they want within the confines of the walls. Inmates do what they can to pass the time and many take advantage of the educational classes such us carpentry (the resulting products are sold on the outside by the prisoners’ families).
There are also official job opportunities, like helping with the printing of documents. Others have started up their own businesses ranging from running restaurants to money lending. In the courtyard stands, amongst others, a stall behind which two Germans cook pizza and steak. They wave at us and beckon us over, handing us each a cookie. We offer Aleks lunch and together we sit down as a Russian comes over to take our orders and deliver cutlery.
I take the opportunity to ask Aleks about the events leading up to his arrest. He and a friend were approached in Bulgaria with regards to doing a drug run from Ecuador. They were offered €15000 each for the job. He spent two enjoyable weeks in Ecuador before taking possession of the shipment. From the moment he walked into the airport he was shaking and sweating, pulling his hoodie over his head to conceal his fear.
He was phoned by his temporary bosses every few minutes, making him appear even more suspicious. He believes the airport security must have spotted him the second he walked in, for he was pulled aside as he went through passport control and taken away to be searched. He knew it was over and all he could think to himself was, “Wow, eight years.”
The Germans have a similar story. They were on holiday in Ecuador and saw an opportunity to make a lot of money very quickly. They tried to smuggle 300g between them through customs, got caught and were sentenced to six years each. Aleks’s judge was lenient and gave him just four years.
Lunch was rounded off by an incredibly delicious homemade German cake. A passing inmate laughed, “Food was terrible here before they came along!”
Aleks takes us upstairs to see his cell. I was shocked by what I saw. It’s small alright – just a few square feet and shared between three – but it contains all the mod cons. A huge flat screen TV, a PlayStation, cable, a private shower and even a kitchenette. (Prison food is notoriously bad, so many prisoners prefer to cook for themselves – or eat at one of the stalls.)
Aleks has to knock before entering because one of his cell mates is in there with his visiting girlfriend. He explains that he ‘bought’ the cell for $2000, which as well as all the belongings gives him various rights such as not having to vacate the cell during the day, a safe spot on the top floor and cell mates of his choice. It also means you can have congenial overnight visits: if one doesn’t have a cell, one has to squeeze in with thirty others into a small room while cell owners take care of business.
Everything revolves around money. Aleks estimates that $6 or $7 a day is enough to have a comfortable and safe life. With that you can eat at a stall once a day, buy your own food for cooking, and pay other people to do certain jobs. Addicts hang around everywhere waiting for someone to pay them to clean dishes or do laundry. Paying people is also a convenient way of ensuring you won’t be a target – people won’t jeopardise the chance to continue making money from you.
We pass a room emanating smoke. Crack and heroin addicts come and go. I ask Aleks how this is possible inside prison and he smiles. “Everything is banned in prison, but everything is possible.” He finds the addicts as confusing as I do. “I don’t know why you would spend so much money on it, get yourself into debt and be at the mercy of the lenders.”
Dodgy businesses abound. One ‘office’, as these enterprising cells are known, brews alcohol, another dishes out drugs. This is where corruption is most evident: guards are paid off weekly and no-one gets in trouble. It seems the best idea is to find a safe business opportunity – such as the man who has the ‘licence’ to sell cigarettes – and keep clean. That way you’ll come out with more money than you went in with.
I ask Aleks what prison has taught him. “I can speak five languages now and I can get on with anyone.” He seems to recall his first days in prison fondly. “I was terrified,” he admits. “Every day they were pulling a dead body out of here. Then the authorities moved the gang leaders to other prisons and things calmed down. Now things are safe, but there’s no edge to it.”
I wonder if it’s this desire for danger that drove him to take the risk of being a drug mule in the first place. However, he appears to have learnt his lesson. “I will never, ever, go near drugs again,” he says, looking me seriously in the eyes. “It hasn’t been a bad four years, but all I see are these walls. I want my freedom.”
Aleks is due to be released next month, but he doesn’t plan on returning to Bulgaria immediately. Instead, he has sorted out a couple of months’ employment in Ecuador. “That way I can return to Bulgaria without being deported and I can restart my life cleanly.”
While I was surprised to see the relative freedom and good conditions the inmates have, I can see how the sheer isolation and monotony is punishment enough. The (many) foreigners may have the access to enough money to make their lives snug, but they’re shunned by their former friends and family. The ones I spoke to seemed happy on the face of it, but that front is a thin veil over their desperation to leave the surreal community. “It must be nice to have so many friends here,” I tell one of the Germans, struggling to think of anything better to say.
He clasps my hand and stares me in the eye. “No-one here is really your friend.”
*Names and nationalities have been changed.
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