Special Report | The Academy of Latinity: For a new humanism
Ideas, New in Ceasefire, Special Reports - Posted on Monday, July 16, 2012 0:00 - 0 Comments
From left to right: Wang Ning, Professor of Humanities at Tsinghua University, Xie Weihe, Vice-President of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Tsinghua University, Candido Mendes, Secretary general of the Academy of Latinity, and Professor Wang Sunyu, Director of the Asia Reseach Center at Tsinghua University (photo: Wang Jing)
Beijing, China— For over a decade the Academy of Latinity has been making a unique contribution against philosophical, political, and religious uniformity that no other institution or establishment can match.
The latest conference took place at Beijing Tsinghua University at the end of May to discuss “Humanity and Difference in the Global Age.” The theme and location of the conference were chosen once again by the distinguished Brazilian intellectual Candido Mendes, the creator and promoter of the meeting series.
The conference was attended by academics and students from all over Asia interested in the profound contributions its participants offered in this twenty-fifth iteration. The program included talks by Susan Buck-Morss, Yang Huilin, and many other prominent intellectuals.
Before exploring the conference’s main highlights, we should recall how this academy was created in 1999 and why it’s so important also for the dialogue with Islam. The Academy’s aim is to promote conferences and publications in favour of a new humanism to overcome the cultural, economical, and linguistic imbalances that result from globalisation’s unjust distribution of knowledge and information.
Balance, according to the founding members (among others, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Marquez, Candido Mendes, Edgar Morin, Jose Saramago, and Gianni Vattimo) can be reestablished through Latinity’s common unita multiplex, that is, the different interpretations that constitute the participants’ background.
When the members met for the first time in 1999 they established that the Academy, in order to function independently, had to become a sui generis institution without governmental support, that is, free of political constraints. The resources of the Academy come from donations and subventions granted by international and national institutions interested in the Academy’s intellectual focus on human dignity as the basis of freedom and democracy.
In a global era when humanity seems to have lost its self-esteem, the call for a new humanism capable of facing existential annihilation is not only necessary but also urgent. For this reason the Academy is represented by the sign of the pomegranate: a fruit that indicates the possibility of renovation through its incorporated seeds and also multiplicity, universality, and, most of all, diversity. As the executive secretary of the Academy, François L’Yvonnet, points out,
“We are actors of a form of diplomacy of thought, a diplomacy of open seas that goes to meet the other who is at the other shore, in a shared refusal of the fatality of an announced world, that of the exclusive kingdom of the fortunate and the powerful. The colloquia of the Academy of Latinity are proportionate to this requirement of the spirit, they give body and life to a true challenge: that of the difference.”
Such diversity is not only thought at the academy but also practised. Its meetings (every six months) take place in different cities and with new participants who share the Academy’s aversion to all sort of cultural discrimination.
This is why after the unjustifiable terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the West’s violent response, the Academy decided to meet in Alexandria (2004), Amman (2007), and Rabat (2008) in order to intensify its exchange with Islamic culture. These conferences (in which Jean Baudrillard, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, and Alain Touraine also participated) demonstrated how the intellectual exchange between Latinity and Islam creates the basis for a better understanding of Islamic heritage and of the opposition common to both Islam and the West to the imperial politics of fear that always considers the other or the different an enemy.
At the Beijing conference, the Academy’s “diplomacy of thought,” that is, the thought and practice of difference, was fully realized. Among the many themes discussed particular attention was devoted to the way Chinese intellectuals ought to react to Western cultural imperialism now that we have entered the so-called Dragon Century.
In order to respond to this question it is first necessary to acknowledge, as Wang Ning explained, that even though there has been a strong “Europeanization” or “Westernization” of Chinese culture since the beginning of the twentieth century through a “large-scale translation” of foreign texts, China’s is not a culture that can be “colonized.”
We are dealing here with two completely “different differences.” This is probably why He Xirong emphasised that we ought to remember the ontological distinction between Chinese and Western modes of thinking: while the first emphasises synthesis, induction, and circles, the second uses analysis, clarity, and linearity.
The Chinese civilisation is made of not only different logics, ethnics, and languages but also many “multicentric modernities” within its own boundaries. The geographical differences between Shanghai and Beijing must also include the profound cultural differences between them.
In sum, that today there “is an unbalance in China’s cultural and literary translations” is attributable to the “fact that Chinese people know much more about the West than Westerners know about China” and also arises because “Chinese culture is still in a position of marginality.”
At the conference we all agreed that this position must be restored not because of China’s new economic supremacy but rather in favour of the new humanism the Academy is committed to constructing.
While some participants, in particular Walter Mignolo, consider decolonization a fundamental stage of this new humanism, others, such as Gianni Vattimo, prefer to focus on the hermeneutic nature of (Western) philosophy in order to better understand the Chinese mode of thinking, a mode of thinking, as our Chinese colleagues explained, that seeks “common grounds while keeping differences.”
It is in this spirit of difference that the Academy’s next conference will take place in Oman, where its pomegranate symbol will once again seek to renovate humanism once again through its own incorporated seeds.